Quick Guide to Chicago Style Citation

Chicago citation is a form of the style used by writers and researchers to arrange the work they have written and how to make references. Writers use other writing styles in writing a paper, including APA and MLA format. Researchers in writing science content usually use APA;  writers also use MLA for literature and language writing.

Chicago- style citation sources come in various varieties: author-date, and notes, and bibliography. Many people working on humanities- including history, literature, and arts prefer notes and bibliography citation system. In this type of system, students cite the sources using endnotes or numbered footnotes.

  • Bibliographies and notes

The notes and bibliography system primarily uses endnotes, bibliographies, and footnotes. The system is used mainly by people working in literature, history, and arts.

  • Author – date

The system uses bibliographies and in-text citations to organize Chicago references.

  • Footnotes and Endnotes

Notes and bibliography use endnotes or footnotes instead of Chicago in-text references. Bibliographies are also found at the end of some piece of work. Students should include endnotes at the end of a chapter.

A bibliography is found at the very end of a paper, whether you use endnotes or footnotes.

Using Chicago Style in referencing a Website

A website basic entry of the Chicago style comprises the author’s name, the title of the page, the title of the website, the website’s address, and the date accessed or published.

In this type of bibliography, the author’s first name has to be reversed, place a comma after the last name. Writers should include titles. Writers should use Roman numerals after the name of the author after a comma.

If the authors are more than one, writers should write them as they appear on the website; the names should appear in the same order. The first author’s name is reversed by the writers as the rest just written by writers in the standard order. The names of the authors are separated using a comma. In some instances, the author may not be available, so the website owner is cited.

Using Chicago style to cite a Journal

The usual way of referencing a journal consists of the author’s name, the title of the article, the journal’s name, volume number, the publishing date, and the page number. The students and writers should reverse the first author’s name; a comma is positioned after writing the last name. A period is also placed after writing the first name. The names are not abbreviated but written the same way as they appear in the journal.

Writers should write the entire article’s title should be positioned in the interior of the quotation marks. Writers should write the names in the journal in full.

Citing a book using Chicago style

A book’s basic entry of Chicago style is in the format of the author’s name, the title of the book, the city of the publisher, publication year, and page range. When a book lacks an edition name or number, it symbolizes the first edition.

If the students review the book’s edition or include new content, they will include the name, number, or the edition year.

Citing a newspaper using Chicago style

The format in which you were referencing a newspaper using Chicago style uses the following procedure; the name of the author, title of the article, name of the newspaper, date of publication, and address of the website or database name.

Using Chicago Style in referencing a Magazine

Citing a magazine follows the same as that of a newspaper. The complete procedure for writing dating a magazine starts with the “day of the month, year” format. The date of publication consists of a complete date and a span of some months.

Using Chicago Style in referencing a film

The format of citing a film is the title, medium, names of directors, distributor, the city of the distributor, and the year it was released.


The Chicago style of referencing is mainly used by scientists when citing their work. Writers need to write the Chicago style needs to in various forms and reference many sources of information.

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